I've been "playing" with some Dell hardware recently and as with everything I like to try and automate as many tasks as possible.
Dell have a really useful tool called Racadm which is a command line utility which you can call from a script to read and write various properties of Dell iDRAC and CMC (Chassis Management Controller).
However, since the latest iDRAC and CMC are built around WSMAN and DMTF standards, I prefer a more PowerShell only approach.
The key PowerShell command for querying is Get-CimInstance. Before we can use this command however we first need to establish a remote CIM Session to the hardware.
This is accomplished by using the New-CimSession and New-CimSessionOption cmdlets.
Use some variables to store the IP, username and password for the iDRAC
Convert the username and password into a PS Credential
$SecurePass = ConvertTo-SecureString $Password -AsPlainText -Force
$DracCred = new-object -typename System.Management.Automation.PSCredential -argumentlist $UserName,$SecurePass
We can then create a new CimSessionOption object, which for the Dell Hardware the below works nicely
$cimop=New-CimSessionOption -SkipCACheck -SkipCNCheck -SkipRevocationCheck -Encoding Utf8 -UseSsl
Then using the above variables and new session object we can create a new CIM session to the iDRAC
$Dracsession=New-CimSession -Authentication Basic -Credential $DracCred -ComputerName $DracIP -Port 443 -SessionOption $cimop -OperationTimeoutSec 10000000
Once we have the session established, we can then use the Get-CimInstance cmdlets to query various properties by passing in a WSMAN/WinRM ResourceURI.
For example, if we just wanted to query the general BIOS properties, we could use the following URI: http://schemas.dmtf.org/wbem/wscim/1/cim-schema/2/root/dcim/DCIM_SystemView
That would form the following command (cmdlet - session - resourceuri):
Get-CimInstance -CimSession $Dracsession -ResourceUri "http://schemas.dmtf.org/wbem/wscim/1/cim-schema/2/root/dcim/DCIM_SystemView"
Which supplies information like this:
This way if you assign the object to a variable ($BIOSINFO=Get-CimInst ...) then we can pull out specific items within scripts:
Again, you can do similar things with other hardware properties, for example I can use the resource URI for getting the network card information from a server (http://schemas.dmtf.org/wbem/wscim/1/cim-schema/2/root/dcim/DCIM_NICView)
Drop this into a command:
$NICS=Get-CimInstance -CimSession $Dracsession -ResourceUri "http://schemas.dmtf.org/wbem/wscim/1/cim-schema/2/root/dcim/DCIM_NICView"
... and now we can get the various MAC Addresses of the various NICs
Hmm... Useful for SCVMM Bare Metal deployment scripting maybe?
The only thing that I struggled with this very simple method of querying the hardware for info, was the resource URI needed.
Well to help with this, the following bits of information from Dell are a god send:
DCIM Profile Library
WinRM WebServices for Lifecycle Controller
Next time I'll post about using PowerShell to set the values rather than just query them.
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